Indigenous Australians (Hörverstehen)
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The first inhabitantsEinwohner of Australia were the Aboriginal and Torres Strait IslandersTorres-Strait-Insulaner. Most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherersJäger und Sammler who lived off the land. They hunted and ate native animals, insects and fish as well as plants and fruits. Today this hunter-gatherer dietErnährung is called “Bush Tucker”.
When European settlementBesiedlung started, the population of Indigenous Australians was between 750,000 and 1,000,000, over the next 150 years this number got dramatically lowersank dramatisch ab. The biggest cause of deathTodesursache in Aboriginal communities were European diseases, for example smallpoxPocken and tuberculosis.
In the 1960s and 70s the government took Aboriginal children from their families and put them in orphanagesWaisenhäuser or with white European families to forcezwingen them to be more like white Australians. This generation of children is called the “Stolen Generation” and is thought to bewird angesehen als another reasonGrund why the population decreasedweniger werden, abnehmen.
As well as their children, indigenous Australians also had their land and their rightsRechte taken from them. They were not allowedsie durften nicht to votewählen. They had to wait at the back of shops until all the white people had been served and they were forced to live on reservesin Reservaten leben. Today they are recognizedanerkannt as the traditional ownersBesitzer of Australian land and have equal rightsgleiche Rechte as citizensEinwohner of Australia, however, they are still disadvantagedbenachteiligt.