Indigenous Australians (Hörverstehen)

Indigenous Australians

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  1. “Bush Tucker” is a person who hunts animals for food.[„Bush Tucker“ ist eine Person, die Tiere zum Essen jagt.]|Textstelle: Today this hunter-gatherer diet is called “Bush Tucker”.|[Heutzutage wird diese „Jäger und Sammler“-Ernährung „Bush Tucker“ genannt.]
  2. Today, the population of Indigenous Australians is around 750, 000.[Heute liegt die Bevölkerung der Ureinwohner bei ca. 750.000 Menschen.]|Textstelle: When European settlement started, the population of Indigenous Australians was between 750,000 and 1,000,000, over the next 150 years this number got dramatically lower.|[Zu Beginn der europäischen Besiedlung lag die Bevölkerung der einheimischen Australier zwischen 750.000 und 1.000.000, während der folgenden 150 Jahre ging die Zahl dramatisch zurück.]
  3. The Stolen Generation is a name for Aboriginals who stole a lot.[Die „Stolen Generation“ bezeichnet die Aborigines, die viel gestohlen haben. ]|Textstelle: The Stolen Generation is the name for Aboriginal children taken from their families.|[Die „Stolen Generation“ bezeichnet die Kinder der Aborigines, die ihren Familien weggenommen wurden.]
  4. Indigenous Australians were not allowed to take part in elections or own land.[Die Indigenen durften nicht an den Wahlen teilnehmen oder Land besitzen.]|Textstelle: Indigenous Australians also had their land and their rights taken from them. They were not allowed to vote.|[Den einheimischen Australiern wurden ihre Rechte und ihr Land weggenommen. Sie durften nicht wählen.]
  5. Today, Indigenous Australians are recognized as Australian citizens.[Heutzutage sind die einheimischen Australier als australische Bürger anerkannt.]|Textstelle: … have equal rights as citizens of Australia.|[Sie haben als australische Bürger diesselben Rechte.]

Skript

Indigenous Australians

The first inhabitantsEinwohner of Australia were the Aboriginal and Torres Strait IslandersTorres-Strait-Insulaner. Most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherersJäger und Sammler who lived off the land. They hunted and ate native animals, insects and fish as well as plants and fruits. Today this hunter-gatherer dietErnährung is called “Bush Tucker”.

When European settlementBesiedlung started, the population of Indigenous Australians was between 750,000 and 1,000,000, over the next 150 years this number got dramatically lowersank dramatisch ab. The biggest cause of deathTodesursache in Aboriginal communities were European diseases, for example smallpoxPocken and tuberculosis.

In the 1960s and 70s the government took Aboriginal children from their families and put them in orphanagesWaisenhäuser or with white European families to forcezwingen them to be more like white Australians. This generation of children is called the “Stolen Generation” and is thought to bewird angesehen als another reasonGrund why the population decreasedweniger werden, abnehmen.

As well as their children, indigenous Australians also had their land and their rightsRechte taken from them. They were not allowedsie durften nicht to votewählen. They had to wait at the back of shops until all the white people had been served and they were forced to live on reservesin Reservaten leben. Today they are recognizedanerkannt as the traditional ownersBesitzer of Australian land and have equal rightsgleiche Rechte as citizensEinwohner of Australia, however, they are still disadvantagedbenachteiligt.

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