English has two different but related types of words called adjectives and adverbs. In this section of the site, we'll explain the differences between adjectives and adverbs, as well as how to construct their comparative forms.
We use adjectives to describe nouns. Short adjectives are made comparative using the endings er/est, and longer adjectives take the words more/most in front to construct the comparative form.
- The dog is cute.
- This dog is cuter than that dog.
We use adverbs to describe adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs. We almost always construct them by adding ly to the end of the adjective. There are a few exceptions, however. Adverbs can also be made comparative.
- I sing awfully.
The choice between an adjective or an adverb depends on whether we want to describe a noun, a verb, an adjective, or an adverb. Some verbs can be modified by both adjectives and adverbs, but this changes their meaning.
- You must smell badly if you can’t tell that your dog smells bad.
Here we explain where adverbs of manner, of place, of time, and of frequency are located in a sentence.
- He doesn’t always drive as carefully as he drove yesterday.