Nouns are “thing words” (e.g. table, boy, dog, air, idea). Some important points to note about English nouns are the choice of article as well as how to construct the plural and the possessive case.
In English, we generally use nouns with articles. There is one indefinite article (a) and one definite article (the).
- a girl – the girl
- an artist – the artist
We construct the plural in English by adding an s. However, there are a few exceptions to this rule.
- the girls
- the artists
When a noun has a singular and a plural form, it is countable – if it has only one form, it’s uncountable.
- a friend, two friends, a few friends
water, a little water, a lot of water
Collective nouns are singular words that refer to groups of people, animals or things.
- a family, a herd, a bunch of flowers
If we want to indicate possession or belonging in English, we use the possessive ’s or an of-phrase.
- the boy’s book