History (comprensión lectora)

History and Facts

The Indigenous Australians, also known as Aboriginals, have lived in Australia for more than 40,000 years. It wasn’t until 1606 that Dutchholandés explorer Willem Janszoon first discovered the continent when he landedllegó on the dryseco western coast of the island. In 1770 Captain James Cook landed on the green eastern coast and claimedreclamó the continent for Great Britain.

Australia was a penal colonycolonia de prisioneros. The first Europeans to settlese establecieron there were convictsconvictos sentenced to jailcondenados a prisión in Australia for small crimes like stealing a loafrebanada of bread. After serving their time, most people couldn’t affordpermitirse to go back to Great Britain and so they stayed.

In the 18th and 19th centuries six separate colonies were established: New South Wales, Tasmania, Western Australia, South Australia (which included what is now the Northern Territory), Victoria and Queensland. In 1901 the colonies were federatedse federaron and The Commonwealth of Australia was established. In 1911 the Australian Capital Territory was created to house the nation’s capital, Canberra.

Australia is a constitutional monarchy, belonging to the British monarchy. The Monarch, current King or Queen, has a ceremonial rolerol representativo and limited power. The country is run by a democratically elected government. Australia is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and is alliedaliado with Great Britain and the USA.

Modern Australia is a very diverse, multicultural country: after World War II Australia encouragedrecibió immigration from Europe and many people came from southern Europe, especially Greece and Italy. In the 1970s and 80s Australia also encouraged immigration from Asia and other parts of the world.

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  1. When James Cook discovered Australia he found…[Cuando James Cook descubrió Australia encontró…|… un desierto seco.|…una cordillera alta.|…una rica vegetación.]|En el texto: … James Cook landed on the green eastern coast.|[James Cook llegó a la verde costa del este.]
  2. Who were the first Europeans to settle in Australia and why did they go there?[¿Quiénes fueron los primeros europeos en asentarse en Australia y por qué llegaron?|James Cook y su asistente Willem Janszoo para cartografiar el continente.|Convictos condenados a cumplir prisión en Australia.|Exploradores que no podían permitire más vivir en Gran Bretaña.]|En el texto: The first Europeans to settle there were convicts sentenced to jail in Australia… |[Los primeros europeos que se asentaron eran convictos sentenciados a cumplir prisión en Australia.]
  3. What happened during the 20th century?[¿Qué ocurrió durante el siglo XX?|Australia se constituyó como país.| Australia fundó 8 estados.|Canberra, la capital de Australia, se formó en Queensland.]|En el texto: In 1901 the colonies were federated and The Commonwealth of Australia was established.|[En 1901 se federaron las colonias y se constituyó la Commonwealth de Australia.]
  4. What is the role of the British Monarchy in Australia?[¿Qué papel desempeña la monarquía británica en Australia?|El actual rey o reina tiene un poder ilimitado.|El actual rey o reina aparece en los principales actos oficiales.|El actual rey o reina designa al gobierno de Australia.]|En el texto: The Monarch, current King or Queen, has a ceremonial role and limited power.|[El monarca, es decir, el actual rey o reina, tiene un papel ceremonial y un poder limitado.]
  5. What made Australia a cultural melting pot?[¿Qué convirtió a Australia en una nación multicultural?|Las dos olas de inmigración desde diferentes partes del mundo.|La gran cantidad de griegos e italianos que inmigraron en los ochenta.|Los numerosos asiáticos que inmigraron a principio de los años 20.]|En el texto: After World War II Australia encouraged immigration from Europe and many people came from southern Europe especially Greece and Italy. In the 1970’s and 80’s Australia also encouraged immigration from Asia and other parts of the world.|[Después de la II Guerra Mundial aumentó el flujo de inmigración desde Europa y llegó mucha gente del sur de Europa, especialmente desde Grecia e Italia. En los años setenta y ochenta, Australia fomentó la inmigración desde Asia y otras partes del mundo.]

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