Indigenous Australians (comprensión auditiva)

Indigenous Australians

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Preguntas sobre el texto

  1. “Bush Tucker” is a person who hunts animals for food.[„Bush Tucker“ es una persona que caza animales para alimentarse.]|En el texto: Today this hunter-gatherer diet is called “Bush Tucker”.|[Hoy en día ese tipo de cazdor-recolector se llama “Bush Tucker”.]
  2. Today, the population of Indigenous Australians is around 750, 000.[A día de hoy, la población indígena está formada por unas 750.000 personas.]|En el texto: When European settlement started, the population of Indigenous Australians was between 750,000 and 1,000,000, over the next 150 years this number got dramatically lower.|[Al comienzo del asentamiento europeo, la población indígena australiana oscilaba entre 750.000 y 1.000.000, mientras que en los siguientes 150 años se redujo drásticamente.)
  3. The Stolen Generation is a name for Aboriginals who stole a lot.[“Stolen Generation” es el nombre que designa a los aborígenes que robaron mucho.]|En el texto: The Stolen Generation is the name for Aboriginal children taken from their families.|[“Stolen Generation” es el nombre que designa a los niños aborígenes que fueron arrebatados de sus familias.]
  4. Indigenous Australians were not allowed to take part in elections or own land.[Los indígenas australianos no podían votar en las elecciones o poseer tierras.]|En el texto: Indigenous Australians also had their land and their rights taken from them. They were not allowed to vote.|[A los indígenas australianos se les arrebató sus derechos y se les desposeyó de sus tierras. No les estaba permitido votar.]
  5. Today, Indigenous Australians are recognized as Australian citizens.[Hoy en día los indígenas australianos están reconocidos como ciudadanos australianos.]|En el texto: … have equal rights as citizens of Australia.|[… tienen los mismos derechos que el resto de ciudadanos australianos.]

Transcripción

Indigenous Australians

The first inhabitantshabitantes of Australia were the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islandersisleños de Torres-Strait. Most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gathererscazadores-recolectores who lived off the land. They hunted and ate native animals, insects and fish as well as plants and fruits. Today this hunter-gatherer diet is called “Bush Tucker”.

When European settlementasentamiento started, the population of Indigenous Australians was between 750,000 and 1,000,000, over the next 150 years this number got dramatically lowerdescendió dramáticamente. The biggest cause of deathcausa de la muerte in Aboriginal communities were European diseasesenfermedades, for example smallpoxviruela and tuberculosis.

In the 1960s and 70s the government took Aboriginal children from their families and put them in orphanages or with white European families to force them to be more like white Australians. This generation of children is called the “Stolen Generation” and is thought to bese contempla como another reason why the population decreaseddisminuyó.

As well as their children, indigenous Australians also had their land and their rightsderechos taken from them. They were not allowedNo les estaba permitido to vote. They had to wait at the back of shops until all the white people had been served and they were forced to live on reservesvivir en reservas. Today they are recognized as the traditional ownersdueños of Australian land and have equal rightslos mismos derechos as citizensciudadanos of Australia, however, they are still disadvantagedse encuentras aún en condiciones de desigualdad.

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