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The first inhabitantshabitantes of Australia were the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islandersisleños de Torres-Strait. Most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gathererscazadores-recolectores who lived off the land. They hunted and ate native animals, insects and fish as well as plants and fruits. Today this hunter-gatherer diet is called “Bush Tucker”.
When European settlementasentamiento started, the population of Indigenous Australians was between 750,000 and 1,000,000, over the next 150 years this number got dramatically lowerdescendió dramáticamente. The biggest cause of deathcausa de la muerte in Aboriginal communities were European diseasesenfermedades, for example smallpoxviruela and tuberculosis.
In the 1960s and 70s the government took Aboriginal children from their families and put them in orphanages or with white European families to force them to be more like white Australians. This generation of children is called the “Stolen Generation” and is thought to bese contempla como another reason why the population decreaseddisminuyó.
As well as their children, indigenous Australians also had their land and their rightsderechos taken from them. They were not allowedNo les estaba permitido to vote. They had to wait at the back of shops until all the white people had been served and they were forced to live on reservesvivir en reservas. Today they are recognized as the traditional ownersdueños of Australian land and have equal rightslos mismos derechos as citizensciudadanos of Australia, however, they are still disadvantagedse encuentras aún en condiciones de desigualdad.