Verbes irréguliers anglais

Base verbaleSimple past (prétérit)Past participle (participe passé)Traduction
alight alighted, alit alighted, alit descendre (d’un véhicule), se poser (vol), enflammer/prendre feu
arise arose arisen survenir, résulter de qqch
awake awoke, awaked awoken, awaked se réveiller, prendre conscience de qqch
be was, were been être
bear bore borne, born porter, supporter
beat beat beaten, beat frapper
become became become devenir
beget begot begotten engendrer, causer
begin began begun commencer
bend bent bent plier, courber, se pencher
bereave bereaved, bereft bereaved, bereft abandonner, voler qqn
beseech besought, beseeched besought, beseeched implorer, supplier
bet bet, betted bet, betted parier
bid bade, bid bidden, bid, bade faire une offre (enchères)
bide bade, bided bided attendre
bind bound bound attacher, contraindre
bite bit bitten mordre
bleed bled bled saigner
bless blessed, blest blessed, blest bénir
blow blew blown souffler (vent), s’envoler
break broke broken casser
breed bred bred élever, cultiver
bring brought brought apporter
broadcast broadcast, broadcasted broadcast, broadcasted diffuser, émettre (radio, télé)
build built built construire
burn burnt, burned burnt, burned brûler
burst burst burst éclater
bust bust, busted bust, busted faire faillite, arrêter (un criminel)
buy bought bought acheter
can could (pas de participe passé) pouvoir
cast cast cast jeter, lancer, donner un rôle (théâtre, cinéma)
catch caught caught attraper
choose chose chosen choisir
cleave cleft, cleaved, clove cleft, cleaved, cloven fendre
cling clung clung s’accrocher à qqch
clothe clothed, clad clothed, clad habiller qqn
come came come venir, arriver
cost cost cost coûter
creep crept crept ramper, se glisser
crow crowed crew, crowed se vanter, exulter
cut cut cut couper
deal dealt dealt vendre (faire le commerce de qqch), s’occuper de qqch
dig dug dug creuser
do did done faire
draw drew drawn dessiner
dream dreamt, dreamed dreamt, dreamed rêver
drink drank drunk boire
drive drove driven conduire
dwell dwelt, dwelled dwelt, dwelled séjourner, habiter
eat ate eaten manger
fall fell fallen tomber
feed fed fed donner à manger
feel felt felt sentir
fight fought fought combattre, se battre
find found found trouver
flee fled fled s’enfuir, fuir
fling flung flung lancer qqch
fly flew flown voler (dans les airs)
forbid forbad, forbade forbid, forbidden interdire
forecast forecast, forecasted forecast, forecasted prévoir, annoncer
forget forgot forgotten oublier
forsake forsook forsaken renoncer à qqch, abandonner
freeze froze frozen geler
geld gelded, gelt gelded, gelt castrer (un cheval)
get got got, gotten obtenir, avoir, recevoir
gild gilded, gilt gilded, gilt dorer
give gave given donner
gnaw gnawed gnawed, gnawn ronger
go went gone aller
grind ground ground moudre, broyer, bosser
grip gripped, gript gripped, gript saisir, attraper
grow grew grown grandir, pousser
hang hung hung accrocher, suspendre qqch
have had had avoir
hear heard heard entendre
heave heaved, hove heaved, hove lancer, jeter, se soulever
hew hewed hewed, hewn tailler, couper
hide hid hidden, hid cacher
hit hit hit frapper, heurter, se cogner
hold held held tenir
hurt hurt hurt blesser, se blesser
keep kept kept garder
kneel knelt, kneeled knelt, kneeled s’agenouiller
knit knitted, knit knitted, knit tricoter
know knew known savoir, connaître
lay laid laid poser
lead led led conduire, guider
lean leant, leaned leant, leaned se pencher, s’appuyer
leap leapt, leaped leapt, leaped sauter
learn learnt, learned learnt, learned apprendre, étudier
leave left left quitter
lend lent lent prêter
let let let laisser
lie lay lain s’allonger, être allongé
light lit, lighted lit, lighted éclairer, allumer
lose lost lost perdre
make made made faire, fabriquer
may might (pas de participe passé) pouvoir (permission, opportunité)
mean meant meant signifier, vouloir dire
meet met met rencontrer, se retrouver
melt melted molten, melted fondre
mow mowed mown, mowed tondre
pay paid paid payer
pen pent, penned pent, penned écrire, consigner
plead pled, pleaded pled, pleaded supplier, plaider
prove proved proven, proved prouver
put put put mettre, poser, présenter
quit quit, quitted quit, quitted arrêter, cesser, démissionner
read read read lire
rid rid, ridded rid, ridded débarasser qqn/qqch de qqn/qqch
ride rode ridden faire du vélo, du cheval
ring rang rung sonner
rise rose risen se lever (soleil)
run ran run courir
saw sawed sawn, sawed scier
say said said dire
see saw seen voir
seek sought sought chercher
sell sold sold vendre
send sent sent envoyer
set set set mettre, régler (un appareil)
sew sewed sewn, sewed coudre
shake shook shaken secouer
shall should (pas de participe passé) vouloir (suggestion, proposition), devoir
shear sheared shorn, sheared tondre, couper
shed shed shed muer, perdre ses feuilles, être imperméable
shine shone shone briller (soleil)
shit shit, shitted, shat shit, shitted, shat chier (vulgaire)
shoe shod, shoed shod, shoed ferrer (un cheval)
shoot shot shot tirer (sur qqn), tourner un film
show showed shown, showed montrer
shred shred, shredded shred, shredded déchirer, broyer
shrink shrank, shrunk shrunk rétrécir, diminuer, baisser
shut shut shut fermer
sing sang sung chanter
sink sank sunk couler
sit sat sat s’asseoir, être assis
slay slew slain tuer
sleep slept slept dormir
slide slid slid glisser
sling slung slung jeter, accrocher, suspendre
slink slunk slunk se déplacer/sortir furtivement
slit slit slit fendre, inciser
smell smelt, smelled smelt, smelled sentir
smite smote smitten frapper
sow sowed sown, sowed semer
speak spoke spoken parler
speed sped, speeded sped, speeded accélérer, se dépêcher
spell spelt, spelled spelt, spelled épeler, écrire
spend spent spent passer (du temps), dépenser (de l’argent, de l’énergie)
spill spilt, spilled spilt, spilled renverser
spin spun spun tourner, faire tourner
spit spat spat cracher
split split split couper (en deux), fendre, se fendre
spoil spoilt, spoiled spoilt, spoiled gâcher
spread spread spread se répandre, se propager
spring sprang, sprung sprung sauter
stand stood stood se lever, être debout, être (position)
steal stole stolen voler qqch
stick stuck stuck coller
sting stung stung piquer
stink stank, stunk stunk puer
stride strode stridden marcher à grands pas
strike struck struck frapper, faire la grève
string strung strung enfiler, mettre des cordes à qqch, corder
strive strove striven lutter, s’efforcer
swear swore sworn jurer
sweat sweat, sweated sweat, sweated transpirer, suer
sweep swept swept balayer
swell swelled swollen, swelled enfler, gonfler
swim swam swum nager
swing swung swung se balancer, swinguer
take took taken prendre
teach taught taught enseigner, apprendre qqch à qqn
tear tore torn déchirer
telecast telecast, telecasted telecast, telecasted téléviser (diffuser pour la télévision)
tell told told raconter
think thought thought penser
throw threw thrown lancer, jeter
thrust thrust thrust forcer, pousser, enfoncer
tread trod trodden marcher (sur qqch)
understand understood understood comprendre
wake woke, waked woken, waked réveiller, se réveiller
wear wore worn porter (des vêtements)
weave wove woven tisser
wed wed, wedded wed, wedded se marier, épouser
weep wept wept pleurer
wet wet, wetted wet, wetted mouiller
win won won gagner
wind wound wound enrouler (au passif : être essouflé)
wring wrung wrung tordre, essorer
write wrote written écrire