Les pays et nationalités en anglais

Les pays en anglais

Voici une liste qui te permettra de trouver facilement les noms de tous les pays, de leurs habitants (gentilés) ainsi que les adjectifs qui leur correspondent en anglais.

La plupart du temps, l’adjectif et le gentilé sont semblables. Les adjectifs s’écrivent toujours avec une majuscule.

Français Anglais Habitants Adjectif
Afghanistan Afghanistan an Afghan Afghan
Afrique du Sud South Africa a South African South African
Albanie
Albania an Albanian Albanian
Algérie Algeria an Algerian Algerian
Allemagne Germany a German German
Andorre Andorra an Andorran Andorran
Angleterre England an English** person English
Angola Angola an Angolan Angolan
Antigua-et-Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda an Antiguan, a Barbudan Antiguan, Barbudan
Arabie Saoudite Saudi Arabia a Saudi Arabian, a Saudi Saudi Arabian, Saudi
Argentine Argentina an Argentinian, an Argentine Argentinian, Argentine
Arménie Armenia an Armenian Armenian
Australie Australia an Australian, an Aussie (lang. familier) Australian
Autriche Austria an Austrian Austrian
Azerbaïdjan Azerbaijan an Azerbaijani, an Azeri* Azerbaijani
Bahamas The Bahamas a Bahamian Bahamian
Bahreïn Bahrain a Bahraini Bahraini
Bangladesh Bangladesh a Bangladeshi Bangladeshi
Barbade Barbados a Barbadian, a Bajan Barbadian, Bajan
Belgique Belgium a Belgian Belgian
Belize Belize a Belizean Belizean
Bénin Benin a Beninese** person Beninese
Bhoutan Bhutan a Bhutanese** person Bhutanese
Biélorussie Belarus a Belarussian Belarussian
Birmanie Burma, Myanmar a Burmese** person, a Myanmarese** person Burmese
Bolivie Bolivia a Bolivian Bolivian
Bosnie-Herzégovine Bosnia and Herzegovina a Bosnian, a Herzegovinian Bosnian, Herzegovinian
Botswana Botswana a Botswanan Botswanan
Brésil Brazil a Brazilian Brazilian
Brunei Brunei a Bruneian Bruneian
Bulgarie Bulgaria a Bulgarian Bulgarian
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso a Burkinabe, a Burkinan Burkinabe, Burkinan
Burundi Burundi a Burundian Burundian
Cambodge Cambodia a Cambodian Cambodian
Cameroun Cameroon a Cameroonian Cameroonian
Canada Canada a Canadian Canadian
Cap-Vert Cape Verde Islands a Cape Verdean Cape Verdean
Chili Chile a Chilean Chilean
Chine China a Chinese** person Chinese
Chypre Cyprus a Cypriot Cypriot
Colombie Colombia a Columbian Columbian
Comores Comoros a Comorian Comorian
Congo Congo a Congolese** person Congolese
Corée du Nord North Korea a North Korean North Korean
Corée du Sud South Korea a South Korean South Korean
Costa Rica Costa Rica a Costa Rican Costa Rican
Côte d’Ivoire Ivory Coast an Ivorian Ivorian
Croatie Croatia a Croatian Croatian
Cuba Cuba a Cuban Cuban
Danemark Denmark a Dane, a Danish person Danish
Djibouti Djibouti a Djiboutian Djiboutian
Dominique Dominica a Dominican Dominican
Écosse Scotland a Scot, a Scottish** person Scottish
Égypte Egypt an Egyptian Egyptian
Émirats arabes unis The United Arab Emirates (UAE) an Emirati Emirati
Équateur Ecuador an Ecuadorian Ecuadorian
Érythrée Eritrea an Etritrean Etritrean
Espagne Spain a Spaniard, a Spanish** person Spanish
Estonie Estonia an Estonian Estonian
États-Unis The Unites States of America (USA) an American American
Éthiopie Ethiopia an Ethiopian Ethiopian
Fidji Fiji a Fijian Fijian
Finlande Finland a Finn, a Finnish** person Finnish
France France a French** person French
Gabon Gabon a Gabonese** person Gabonese
Gambie Gambia a Gambian Gambian
Géorgie Georgia a Georgian Gerogian
Ghana Ghana a Ghanaian Ghanaian
Grèce Greece a Greek Greek
Grenade Grenada a Grenadian Grenadian
Groenland Greenland a Greenlander Greenlandic
Guatemala Guatemala a Guatemalan Guatemalan
Guinée Guinea a Guinean Guinean
Guinée équtoriale Equatorial Guinea an Equatorial Guinean Equatorial Guinean
Guinée-Bissau Guinea-Bissau a Bissau-Guinean Bissau-Guinean
Guyane Guyana a Guyanese** person Guyanese
Haïti Haiti a Haitian Haitian
Honduras Honduras a Honduran Honduran
Hong Kong
Hong Kong a Hong Kongese** person Hong Kongese
Hongrie Hungary a Hungarian Hungarian
Îles Féroé The Faroe Islands a Faroese** person Faroese
Îles Marshall The Marshall Islands a Marshallese** person Marshallese
Île Maurice Mauritius a Mauritian Mauritian
Inde India an Indian Indian
Indonésie Indonesia an Indonesian Indonesia
Irak
Iraq an Iraqi Iraqi
Iran
Iran an Iranian Iranian
Irlande Ireland an Irish** person Irish
Irlande du Nord Northern Ireland a Northern Irish** person Northern Irish
Islande Iceland an Islander Icelandic
Israël
Israel an Israeli Israeli
Italie Italy an Italian Italian
Jamaïque Jamaica a Jamaican Jamaican
Japon Japan a Japanese** person Japanese
Jordanie Jordan a Jordanian Jordanian
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan a Kazakhstani, Kazakh* Kazakhstani, Kazakh
Kenya Kenya a Kenyan Kenyan
Kirghizistan Kyrgystan a Kyrgyzstani, a Kyrgyz* Kyrgyzstani, Kyrgyz
Kiribati
Kiribati a Kiribati person Kiribati
Kosovo Kosovo a Kosovan Kosovan
Koweït Kuwait a Kuwaiti Kuwaiti
Laos Laos a Laotian, Lao* Laotian, Lao
Lesotho Lesotho a Mosotho, Basotho (Plural) Basotho
Lettonie Latvia a Latvian Latvian
Liban Lebanon a Lebanese** person Lebanese
Liberia Liberia a Liberian Liberian
Libye Libya a Libyan Libyan
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein a Liechtensteiner Leichtenstein
Lituanie Lithuania a Lithuanian Lithuanian
Luxembourg Luxembourg a Luxembourger Luxembourg
Macao Macao a Macanese** person Macanese
Macédoine Macedonia a Macedonian Macedonian
Madagascar Madagascar a Madagascan Madagascan
Malaisie Malaysia a Malaysian Malaysian
Malawi Malawi a Malawian Malawian
Maldives The Maldives a Maldivian Maldivian
Mali Mali a Malian Malian
Malte Malta a Maltese** person Maltese
Maroc Morocco a Moroccan Moroccan
Mauritanie Mauritania a Mauritanian Mauritanian
Mexique Mexico a Mexican Mexican
Micronésie Micronesia a Micronesian Mikronesian
Moldavie Moldova a Moldovan Moldovan
Monaco Monaco a Monacan, a Monégasque Monégasque
Mongolie Mongolia a Mongolian, a Mongol Mongolian, Mongol
Monténégro Montenegro a Montenegrin Montenegrin
Mozambique Mozambique a Mozambican Mozambican
Namibie Namibia a Namibian Namibian
Nauru Nauru a Nauruan Nauruan
Népal Nepal a Nepalese** person Nepalese
Nicaragua Nicaragua a Nicaraguan Nicaraguan
Niger Niger a Nigerien Nigerien
Nigeria Nigeria a Nigerian Nigerian
Norvège Norway a Norwegian Norwegian
Nouvelle-Zélande New Zealand a New Zealander, a Kiwi (ugs.) New Zealand
Oman Oman an Omani Omani
Ouganda Uganda an Ugandan Ugandan
Ouzbékistan Uzbekistan an Uzbek Uzbek
Pakistan Pakistan a Pakistani Pakistani
Palaos
Palau a Palauan Palauan
Palestine Palestine a Palestinian Palestinian
Panama Panama a Panamanian Panamanian
Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée Papua New Guinea a Papua New Guinean Papua New Guinean
Paraguay Paraguay a Paraguayan Paraguayan
Pays-Bas The Netherlands, Holland a Dutch* person Dutch
Pays de Galles Wales a Welsh** person Welsh
Pérou Peru a Peruvian Peruvian
Philippines The Philippines a Filipino Filipino
Pologne Poland a Pole, a Polish** person Polish
Porto Rico Puerto Rico a Puerto Rican Puerto Rican
Portugal Portugal a Portugese** person Portugese
Qatar Qatar a Qatari Qatari
République Centrafricaine The Central African Republic a Central African Central African
République Démocratique du Congo The Democratic Republic of Congo a Congolese Congolese
République Dominicaine The Dominican Republic a Dominican Dominican
République Tchèque The Czech Republic a Czech Czech
Roumanie Romania a Romanian Romanian
Grande-Bretagne Great Britain a Brit, a Briton, a British** person British
Royaume-Uni United Kingdom (UK) a person from the United Kingdom UK
Russie Russia a Russian Russian
Rwanda Rwanda a Rwandese** person Rwandese
Sainte-Lucie St Lucia a St Lucian St Lucian
Saint-Kitts-et-Nevis St Kitts and Nevis a Kittian, a Nevisian Kittian, Nevisian
Saint Marin San Marino a Sanmarinese** person Sanmarinese
Saint-Vincent-et-les-Grenadines St Vincent and the Grenadines a Vincentian Vincentian
Salomon The Solomon Islands a Solomon Isalnder Solomon
Salvador El Salvador a Salvadorean Salvadorean
Samoa
Samoa a Samoan Samoan
São Tomé-et-Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe a São Toméan São Toméan
Sénégal Senegal a Senegalese** person Senegalese
Serbie Serbia a Serbian, a Serb Serbian, Serb
Seychelles The Seychelles a Seychellois Seychellois
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone a Sierra Leonean Sierra Leonean
Singapour Singapore a Singaporean Singaporean
Slovaquie Slovakia a Slovakian Slovakian
Slovénie Slovenia a Slovenian Slovenian
Somalie Somalia a Somalian Somalian
Soudan Sudan a Sudanese** person Sudanese
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka a Sri Lankan Sri Lankan
Suède Sweden a Swede, a Swedish** person Swedish
Suisse Switzerland a Swiss** person Swiss
Suriname Suriname a Surniamese** person Surinamese
Swaziland Swaziland a Swasi Swasi
Syrie Syria a Syrian Syrian
Tadjikistan Tajikistan ou Tadzhikstan a Tajik Tajik
Taïwan
Taiwan a Taiwanese** person Taiwanese
Tanzanie Tanzania a Tanzanian Tanzanian
Tchad Chad a Chadian Chadian
Thaïlande Thailand a Thai Thai
Tibet Tibet a Tibetan Tibetan
Timor-Oriental East Timor ou Timor-Leste a Timorese** person Timorese
Togo Togo a Togolese** person Togolese
Tonga
Tonga a Tongan Tongan
Trinité-et-Tobago Trinidad and Tobago a Trinidadian, a Tobagonian Trinidadian, Tobagonian
Tunisie Tunisia a Tunisian Tunisia
Turkménistan Turkmenistan a Turkmen Turkmen
Turquie Turkey a Turk Turkish
Tuvalu
Tuvalu a Tuvaluan Tuvaluan
Ukraine
The Ukaraine a Ukrainian Ukrainian
Uruguay
Uruguay a Uruguayan Uruguayan
Vanuatu Vanuatu a Vanuatuan Vanuatuan
Vatican Vatican City a citizen of the Vatican City Vatican
Venezuela Venezuela a Venezuelan Venezuelan
Viêt Nam Vietnam a Vietnamese** person Vietnamese
Yémen Yemen a Yemeni Yemeni
Zambie Zambia a Zambian Zambian
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe a Zimbabwean Zimbabwean

Notes :

* Terme employé pour désigner la population indigène.

** On ne peut pas employer un adjectif se terminant en -ese/-sh/-ch/-ss pour désigner un habitant du pays. Pour construire le gentilé, on utilise donc la tournure adjectif + person/man/woman.

Exemple :
There is a Vietnamese woman in my English class.Il y a une femme vietnamienne dans mon cours d’anglais.

Mais il est possible d’employer l’adjectif au pluriel (collectif) accompagné de l’article the pour désigner les habitants du pays en général.

Exemple :
Food and family are very important to the Vietnamese.Les Vietnamiens accordent beaucoup d’importance à la nourriture et à la famille.