History (comprensione scritta)

History and Facts

The Indigenous Australians, also known as Aboriginals, have lived in Australia for more than 40,000 years. It wasn’t until 1606 that Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon first discovered the continent when he landed on the dry western coast of the island. In 1770 Captain James Cook landed on the green eastern coast and claimedreclamò, rivendicò the continent for Great Britain.

Australia was a penal colonycolonia penale. The first Europeans to settleinsediarsi, stabilirsi there were convictsdetenuti sentenced to jailcondannati alla prigione in Australia for small crimes like stealing a loaf of bread. After serving their time, most people couldn’t affordpermettersi to go back to Great Britain and so they stayed.

In the 18th and 19th centuries six separate colonies were established: New South Wales, Tasmania, Western Australia, South Australia (which included what is now the Northern Territory), Victoria and Queensland. In 1901 the colonies were federated riunite in una federazione and The Commonwealth of Australia was established. In 1911 the Australian Capital Territory was created to house the nation’s capital, Canberra.

Australia is a constitutional monarchy, belonging to the British monarchy. The Monarch, current King or Queen, has a ceremonial roleruolo rappresentativo and limited power. The country is run by a democratically elected government. Australia is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and is alliedalleato with Great Britain and the USA.

Modern Australia is a very diverse, multicultural country: after World War II Australia encouraged immigration from Europe and many people came from southern Europe, especially Greece and Italy. In the 1970s and 80s Australia also encouraged immigration from Asia and other parts of the world.

visualizza le tue risposte errate

Domande sul testo

Leggi prima il testo con attenzione e poi rispondi alle domande.

  1. When James Cook discovered Australia he found…[Quando James Cook scoprì l'Australia s'imbatté in …|un arido deserto|montagne alte|una vegetazione lussureggiante.]|passo: … James Cook landed on the green eastern coast.|[James Cook approdò sulla costa verde ad est.]
  2. Who were the first Europeans to settle in Australia and why did they go there?[Chi furono i primi europei ad insediarsi in Australia e perchè andarono lì?|James Cook ed il suo assistente Willem Janszoo per cartografare il continente.|Detenuti che dovevano scontare la loro pena in Australia.|Esporatori che non potevano più permettersi di vivere in Gran Bretagna.]|passo: The first Europeans to settle there were convicts sentenced to jail in Australia… |[I primi europei che s'insediarono in Australia furono dei detenuti che furono mandati in Australia per scontare la loro pena.]
  3. What happened during the 20th century?[Cosa accadde nel 20. secolo?|L'Australia divenne una nazione.|L'Australien fondò 8 stati.|Canberra, la capitale dell'Australia, fu costruita nel Queensland.]|passo: In 1901 the colonies were federated and The Commonwealth of Australia was established.|[Nel 1901 le colonie furono federate e fu costituito il Commonwealth of Australia.]
  4. What is the role of the British Monarchy in Australia?[Quale ruolo ricopre la monarchia britannica in Australia?|Il re o la regina attuale … ha poteri illiminati.|é presente agli incontri ufficiali.|elegge il governo australiano.]|passo: The Monarch, current King or Queen, has a ceremonial role and limited power.|[Il monarca, l'attuale re o regina, svolge un ruolo rappresentativo e ha poteri limitati.]
  5. What made Australia a cultural melting pot? [Perchè l'Australia viene considerata un crogiolo culturale?|Per via di due ondate d'immigrazione provenienti da diverse parti del mondo.|Per via di un vasto numero di greci e di italiani che immigrarono negli anni ottanta.|Per via di un grande numero d'immigrati asiatici arrivati nel 20. secolo.]|passo: After World War II Australia encouraged immigration from Europe and many people came from southern Europe especially Greece and Italy. In the 1970’s and 80’s Australia also encouraged immigration from Asia and other parts of the world.|[Dopo la 2. Guerrra Mondiale fu incoraggiata l'immigrazione dall'Europa ed arrivarono molte persone dall'Europa meridionale, in particolare dalla Grecia e dall'Italia. Negli anni settante ed ottanta invece l'Australia incoraggiò l'immigrazione da paesi asiatici e da altre parti del mondo.]

Torna indietro