Pronouns are little words like I, you, he, him, ... (personal pronouns); my, mine, your, ... (possessive pronouns); myself, yourself, ... (reflexive pronouns); etc.
|personal pronouns||possessive pronouns||reflexive pronouns|
|subject form||object form||attributive||substantive|
Personal pronouns replace nouns that have already been mentioned or are assumed to be known. We have to choose the right form depending on whether the personal pronoun is a subject or an object.
- We have got some books. (subject)
- The books are for us. (object)
Possessives indicate possession or belonging. We can use them as determiners (when they are accompanying a noun) or as pronouns (when they are replacing a pronoun).
- These are our books. (determiner)
- Whose books are these? They are ours. (pronoun)
Reflexive pronouns are pronouns that we use in the sense of oneself or self.
- He can carry the bags himself.
Relative pronouns introduce a relative clause.
- This is the man who lives next door.
Demonstratives are this, that, these and those. We use them when we’re referring to something specific.
- This book is more interesting than that book.
- These shoes fit better than those.
The indefinite pronouns are something/somebody, anything/anybody, everything/everybody and nothing/nobody.
- I cannot hear anything, there must be something wrong.
- No, everything is okay, there is nothing wrong.