Verb Tenses in English Grammar
How many tenses does English have?
English has a lot of tenses — 12 in fact!
We can categorise the tenses into three basic types: present, past and future.
In addition to these basic forms, each tense then also has the following aspects:
- progressive aspect (ing form)
- perfect aspect (have + past participle)
- perfect progressive aspect (have/had been + ing)
But what is a tense aspect? They are a bit like different flavours of the same tense.
The tense (present/past/future) situates the action in time, while the aspect gives more detail about whether it was in progress, already completed, etc.
This gives us our total of 12 tenses:
- future with will or going to
- future progressive
- future perfect
- future perfect progressive
Click on the links below to learn about each tense in detail and practise using it in the exericses.