Punctuation in English can be tricky. This is because there are different rules in British and American English and punctuation is often left off school curriculums. In this puctuation guide, we provide clear and easy to follow rules and tips; rich with examples, to help you write cleary and effectively.
Here we explain the the use of commas between clauses, in lists, with names and numbers, and more.
Full stops aren't just used to end sentences. They are also used to show abbreviations, to separate decimal numbers and to indicate missing text. Click here to learn more.
Use exclamation marks to express surprise, emotion or humour. Question marks are places after questions and polite requests.
The colon can be used to separate clauses, introduce lists or even to emphasize information. These uses and more are explained in this section.
Apostrophes can indicate missing letters in contractions, possession or special plurals. Find out more, here.
In this section, we explore the usage of brackets in English.
The usage of the semicolon in English is subtle. It can be used in place of a comma or a colon. Here, we explain how and when to use a semicolon.
Dashes have various uses in English. The can add emphasis, change a subject, indicate an afterthought, and much more.
Hyphens join elements of compound nouns together and separate prefixes from words.
There are two different types of quotation marks with different rules for usages, particulary with regards to direct speech and quotes. British and American English also follow different rules.