Los países y los gentilicios en inglés

Los países en inglés

Hemos confeccionado una lista de países y sus respectivos gentilicios (el nombre del habitante) y adjetivos. Recuerda que, a diferencia del español, en inglés se escriben con mayúscula los gentilicios y los adjetivos relativos a un país.

País en español País en inglés Gentilicio Adjetivo
Afganistán Afghanistan an Afghan Afghan
Albania Albania an Albanian Albanian
Argelia Algeria an Algerian Algerian
Andorra Andorra an Andorran Andorran
Angola Angola an Angolan Angolan
Antigua y Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda an Antiguan, a barbudan Antiguan, Barbudan
Argentina Argentina an Argentinian, an Argentine Argentinian, Argentine
Armenia Armenia an Armenian Armenian
Australia Australia an Australian, an Aussie (coloquiall) Australian
Austria Austria an Austrian Austrian
Azerbaiyán Azerbaijan an Azerbaijani, an Azeri* Azerbaijani
las Bahamas The Bahamas a Bahamian Bahamian
Bahrein Bahrain a Bahraini Bahraini
Bangladesh Bangladesh a Bangladeshi Bangladeshi
Barbados Barbados a Barbadian, a Bajan Barbadian, Bajan
Bélgica Belgium a Belgian Belgian
Belice Belize a Belizean Belizean
Benín Benin a Beninese** person Beninese
Bután Bhutan a Bhutanese** person Bhutanese
Bielorrusia Belarus a Belarussian Belarussian
Birmania Burma, Myanmar a Burmese** person, a Myanmarese** person Burmese
Bolivia Bolivia a Bolivian Bolivian
Bosnia y Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina a Bosnian, a Herzegovinian Bosnian, Herzegovinian
Botswana Botswana a Botswanan Botswanan
Brasil Brazil a Brazilian Brazilian
Brunei Brunei a Bruneian Bruneian
Bulgaria Bulgaria a Bulgarian Bulgarian
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso a Burkinabe, a Burkinan Burkinabe, Burkinan
Burundi Burundi a Burundian Burundian
Camboya Cambodia a Cambodian Cambodian
Camerún Cameroon a Cameroonian Cameroonian
Canadá Canada a Canadian Canadian
Islas de Cabo Verde Cape Verde Islands a Cape Verdean Cape Verdean
Chile Chile a Chilean Chilean
China China a Chinese** person Chinese
Alemania Germany a German German
Chipre Cyprus a Cypriot Cypriot
Colombia Colombia a Columbian Columbian
las Comoras Comoros a Comorian Comorian
el Congo Congo a Congolese** person Congolese
Corea del Norte North Korea a North Korean North Korean
Corea del Sur South Korea a South Korean South Korean
Costa Rica Costa Rica a Costa Rican Costa Rican
Costa de Marfil Ivory Coast an Ivorian Ivorian
Croacia Croatia a Croatian Croatian
Cuba Cuba a Cuban Cuban
Dinamarca Denmark a Dane, a Danish person Danish
Yibuti Djibouti a Djiboutian Djiboutian
Dominica Dominica a Dominican Dominican
Egipto Egypt an Egyptian Egyptian
Emiratos Árabes Unidos (EAU) The United Arab Emirates (UAE) an Emirati Emirati
Ecuador Ecuador an Ecuadorian Ecuadorian
Eritrea Eritrea an Etritrean Etritrean
España Spain a Spaniard, a Spanish** person Spanish
Estonia Estonia an Estonian Estonian
los Estados Unidos de América (EEUU) The Unites States of America (USA) an American American
Etiopía Ethiopia an Ethiopian Ethiopian
Fiyi Fiji a Fijian Fijian
Finlandia Finland a Finn, a Finnish** person Finnish
Francia France a French** person French
Gabón Gabon a Gabonese** person Gabonese
Gambia Gambia a Gambian Gambian
Georgia Georgia a Georgian Gerogian
Ghana Ghana a Ghanaian Ghanaian
Grecia Greece a Greek Greek
Granada Grenada a Grenadian Grenadian
Groenlandia Greenland a Greenlander Greenlandic
Guatemala Guatemala a Guatemalan Guatemalan
Guinea Guinea a Guinean Guinean
Guinea Ecuatorial Equatorial Guinea an Equatorial Guinean Equatorial Guinean
Guinea-Bisáu Guinea-Bissau a Bissau-Guinean Bissau-Guinean
Guyana Guyana a Guyanese** person Guyanese
Haití Haiti a Haitian Haitian
Honduras Honduras a Honduran Honduran
Hong kong Hong Kong a Hong Kongese** person Hong Kongese
Hungría Hungary a Hungarian Hungarian
las Islas Feroe The Faroe Islands a Faroese** person Faroese
las Islas Marshall The Marshall Islands a Marshallese** person Marshallese
Mauricio Mauritius a Mauritian Mauritian
la India India an Indian Indian
Indonesia Indonesia an Indonesian Indonesia
Iraq Iraq an Iraqi Iraqi
Irán Iran an Iranian Iranian
Irlanda Ireland an Irish** person Irish
Islandia Iceland an Islander Icelandic
Israel Israel an Israeli Israeli
Italia Italy an Italian Italian
Jamaica Jamaica a Jamaican Jamaican
Japón Japan a Japanese** person Japanese
Jordania Jordan a Jordanian Jordanian
Kazajstán Kazakhstan a Kazakhstani, Kazakh* Kazakhstani, Kazakh
Kenia Kenya a Kenyan Kenyan
Kirguistán Kyrgystan a Kyrgyzstani, a Kyrgyz* Kyrgyzstani, Kyrgyz
Kiribati Kiribati a Kiribati person Kiribati
Kosovo Kosovo a Kosovan Kosovan
Kuwait Kuwait a Kuwaiti Kuwaiti
Laos Laos a Laotian, Lao* Laotian, Lao
Lesotho Lesotho a Mosotho, Basotho (plural) Basotho
Letonia Latvia a Latvian Latvian
el Líbano Lebanon a Lebanese** person Lebanese
Liberia Liberia a Liberian Liberian
Libia Libya a Libyan Libyan
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein a Liechtensteiner Leichtenstein
Lituania Lithuania a Lithuanian Lithuanian
Luxemburgo Luxembourg a Luxembourger Luxembourg
Macao Macao a Macanese** person Macanese
Macedonia Macedonia a Macedonian Macedonian
Madagascar Madagascar a Madagascan Madagascan
Malasia Malaysia a Malaysian Malaysian
Malawi Malawi a Malawian Malawian
Maldivas The Maldives a Maldivian Maldivian
Malí Mali a Malian Malian
Malta Malta a Maltese** person Maltese
Marruecos Morocco a Moroccan Moroccan
Mauritania Mauritania a Mauritanian Mauritanian
México Mexico a Mexican Mexican
Micronesia Micronesia a Micronesian Mikronesian
Moldavia Moldova a Moldovan Moldovan
Mónaco Monaco a Monacan, a Monégasque Monégasque
Mongolia Mongolia a Mongolian, a Mongol Mongolian, Mongol
Montenegro Montenegro a Montenegrin Montenegrin
Mozanbique Mozambique a Mozambican Mozambican
Namibia Namibia a Namibian Namibian
Nauru Nauru a Nauruan Nauruan
Nepal Nepal a Nepalese** person Nepalese
Nicaragua Nicaragua a Nicaraguan Nicaraguan
Níger Niger a Nigerien Nigerien
Nigeria Nigeria a Nigerian Nigerian
Noruega Norway a Norwegian Norwegian
Nueva Zelanda New Zealand a New Zealander, a Kiwi (coloquial) New Zealand
Omán Oman an Omani Omani
Uganda Uganda an Ugandan Ugandan
Uzbekistán Uzbekistan an Uzbek Uzbek
Pakistán Pakistan a Pakistani Pakistani
Palau Palau a Palauan Palauan
Palestina Palestine a Palestinian Palestinian
Panamá Panama a Panamanian Panamanian
Papua Nueva Guinea Papua New Guinea a Papua New Guinean Papua New Guinean
Paraguay Paraguay a Paraguayan Paraguayan
los Países Bajos The Netherlands, Holland a Dutch* person Dutch
Perú Peru a Peruvian Peruvian
Filipinas The Philippines a Filipino Filipino
Polonia Poland a Pole, a Polish** person Polish
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico a Puerto Rican Puerto Rican
Portugal Portugal a Portugese** person Portugese
Qatar Qatar a Qatari Qatari
República Centroafricana The Central African Republic a Central African Central African
República Democrática del Congo The Democratic Republic of Congo a Congolese Congolese
República Dominicana The Dominican Republic a Dominican Dominican
República Checa The Czech Republic a Czech Czech
Rumanía Romania a Romanian Romanian
Gran Bretaña Great Britain a Brit, a Briton, a British** person British
Reino Unido United Kingdom (UK) a person from the United Kingdom UK
Rusia Russia a Russian Russian
Ruanda Rwanda a Rwandese** person Rwandese
Santa Lucía St Lucia a St Lucian St Lucian
San Cristóbal y Nieves St Kitts and Nevis a Kittian, a Nevisian Kittian, Nevisian
San Marino San Marino a Sanmarinese** person Sanmarinese
San Vicente y las Granadinas St Vincent and the Grenadines a Vincentian Vincentian
las Islas Salomón The Solomon Islands a Solomon Isalnder Solomon
El Salvador El Salvador a Salvadorean Salvadorean
Samoa Samoa a Samoan Samoan
Santo Tomé y Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe a São Toméan São Toméan
Arabia Saudí Saudi Arabia a Saudi Arabian, a Saudi Saudi Arabian, Saudi
Senegal Senegal a Senegalese** person Senegalese
Serbia Serbia a Serbian, a Serb Serbian, Serb
las Seychelles The Seychelles a Seychellois Seychellois
Sierra Leona Sierra Leone a Sierra Leonean Sierra Leonean
Singapur Singapore a Singaporean Singaporean
Eslovaquia Slovakia a Slovakian Slovakian
Eslovenia Slovenia a Slovenian Slovenian
Somalia Somalia a Somalian Somalian
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka a Sri Lankan Sri Lankan
Suecia Sweden a Swede, a Swedish** person Swedish
Suiza Switzerland a Swiss** person Swiss
Sudán Sudan a Sudanese** person Sudanese
Surinam Suriname a Surniamese** person Surinamese
Sudáfrica South Africa a South African South African
Swazilandia Swaziland a Swasi Swasi
Siria Syria a Syrian Syrian
Tayikistán Tajikistan o Tadzhikstan a Tajik Tajik
Taiwán Taiwan a Taiwanese** person Taiwanese
Tanzania Tanzania a Tanzanian Tanzanian
el Chad Chad a Chadian Chadian
Tailandia Thailand a Thai Thai
el Tíbet Tibet a Tibetan Tibetan
Timor Oriental East Timor oder Timor-Leste a Timorese** person Timorese
Togo Togo a Togolese** person Togolese
Tonga Tonga a Tongan Tongan
Trinidad y Tobago Trinidad and Tobago a Trinidadian, a Tobagonian Trinidadian, Tobagonian
Túnez Tunisia a Tunisian Tunisia
Turkmenistán Turkmenistan a Turkmen Turkmen
Turquía Turkey a Turk Turkish
Tuvalu Tuvalu a Tuvaluan Tuvaluan
Ucrania Ukaraine a Ukrainian Ukrainian
Uruguay Uruguay a Uruguayan Uruguayan
Vanuatu Vanuatu a Vanuatuan Vanuatuan
Ciudad del Vaticano Vatican City a citizen of the Vatican City Vatican
Venezuela Venezuela a Venezuelan Venezuelan
Vietnam Vietnam a Vietnamese** person Vietnamese
Yemen Yemen a Yemeni Yemeni
Zambia Zambia a Zambian Zambian
Zimbabue Zimbabwe a Zimbabwean Zimbabwean
Escocia Scotland a Scot, a Scottish** person Scottish
Inglaterra England an English** person English
Gales Wales a Welsh** person Welsh
Irlanda del Norte Northern Ireland Northern Irish** person Northern Irish

Nota:

* Estos términos hacen referencia a los pueblos indígenas del país.

** No se pueden usar adjetivos terminados en ss como nombres en singular. Por ello, se recurre a la fórmula adjetivo + person/man/woman.

Ejemplo:
There is a Vietnamese woman in my English class. Hay una (mujer) vietnamita en mi clase de inglés.

Sin embargo, sí se pueden usar estos adjetivos como nombres colectivos o en plural acompañados de un artículo definido para referirnos a los habitantes de un país en general.

Ejemplo:
Food and family are very important to the Vietnamese. La comida y la familia son muy importantes para los vietnamitas.