Relative Clauses - Exercises

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Exercises

Select the correct relative pronoun.

  1. The children are collecting the leaves have fallen from the trees.not a person → which
  2. The boy watch had stopped didn’t know that he was late.possession/belonging → whose
  3. Linda, is out in the open all day, never catches a cold.person → who
  4. You should not drive a car brakes don’t work!possession/belonging → whose
  5. The man is getting on the bus now is our history teacher.person → who

Select the correct relative adverb.

  1. Last year, we travelled around Scotland, was great fun.refers to the entire clause (travelling around Scotland was great fun) → which
  2. The weather was okay we went there.time (when was the weather okay) → when
  3. And the hostels we stayed were great.place (the hostels) → where
  4. That’s the reason I want to go to Scotland again next year.reason → why
  5. I am looking forward to the day my next holidays begin.time (the day) → when

Complete the relative clauses. In some of the sentences, you can leave off the relative pronoun.

  1. This car belongs to a woman. Where is the woman?
    → Where is the woman ?We don’t need a relative pronoun, because the first word in the relative clause is not a verb. We can use who/that or whom, though. If we choose whom, the preposition to must move to the beginning of the relative clause.
  2. I bought a yoghurt yesterday. Did you eat it?
    → Did you eat the yoghurt ?We don’t need a relative pronoun, because the first word in the relative clause is not a verb. We can use which or that, though.
  3. Amy has a cat. The eyes of the cat are blue.
    → Amy has a cat .Here we need the relative pronoun whose, because we’re talking about possession/belonging (the cat’s eyes)
  4. My brother wants to sell his bike. It is as good as new.
    → My brother wants to sell his bike, .Here we need the relative pronoun which, because it is a non-defining relative clause and the first word after the pronoun is a verb.
  5. I told you about a friend. There she is.
    → There is the friend .We don’t need a relative pronoun, because the first word in the relative clause is not a verb. We can use who or that, though.