Conjunctions, also called connecting or linking words, are words like and, or, so and when. We use them to join words, phrases and clauses. Coordinating conjunctions, such as and, or but, join two words, phrases or independent clauses together. Subordinating conjunctions, such as after, although, so or as, join an independent clause with a dependent or subordinate one.
Learn about coordinating and subordinating conjunctions in English grammar then practice using them in the exercises at the end of the lesson.
Christine is happy because she is on holiday.
She loves the sea and spends every summer on England’s east coast.
She wants to see the sunset – that’s why she has come to the beach.
Conjunctions and Subjunctions
Some typical conjunctions (coordinate conjunctions) are and, or, but. They connect two main clauses.
- She loves the sea and spends every summer on England’s east coast.
Some typical subjunctions (subordinate conjunctions) include: because, as, when.
- Christine is happy because she is on holiday.
A subjunction introduces a dependent clause that expresses a reason, a condition, a result or purpose, a time, or a contradiction (see following overview).
- She wants to see the sunset – that’s why she has come to the beach.