Verbos irregulares en inglés

Los verbos en inglés pueden adoptar fundamentalmente cinco formas: infinitive, present simple, past simple, past participle y present participle. Los verbos regulares se conjugan en pasado y en participio con la terminación -ed. Los verbos irregulares forman el pasado y el participio de forma irregular. En el habla corriente se utilizan aproximadamente dos cientos verbos irregulares en inglés.

Esta tabla recoge en cuatro columnas el infinitivo de los verbos irregulares con su correspondiente forma de pasado y de participio, junto con una traducción al español. Las formas del pasado y del participio son las mismas para todas las personas: I, you, he/she/it, we, you, they.

Infinitive Past Simple Participle Traducción
alight alighted, alit alighted, alit apearse, posarse
arise arose arisen surgir, levantarse
awake awoke, awaked awoken, awaked despertar
be was, were been ser
bear bore borne, born soportar, cargar
beat beat beaten, beat golpear, vencer
become became become volverse, convertirse
beget begot begotten provocar, engendrar
begin began begun empezar, comenzar
bend bent bent torcer, doblar
bereave bereaved, bereft bereaved, bereft despojar
beseech besought, beseeched besought, beseeched suplicar, rogar
bet bet, betted bet, betted apostar
bid bade, bid bidden, bid, bade ofrecer
bide bade, bided bided esperar, aguardar
bind bound bound atar, amarrar, unir
bite bit bitten morder
bleed bled bled sangrar
bless blessed, blest blessed, blest bendecir
blow blew blown soplar
break broke broken romper
breed bred bred criar
bring brought brought traer
broadcast broadcast, broadcasted broadcast, broadcasted transmitir, emitir
build built built construir
burn burnt, burned burnt, burned quemar
burst burst burst reventar, desbordarse
bust bust, busted bust, busted atrapar
buy bought bought comprar
can could (sin participio) poder
cast cast cast lanzar, tirar, echar
catch caught caught agarrar, coger
choose chose chosen elegir
cleave cleft, cleaved, clove cleft, cleaved, cloven partir, hender
cling clung clung aferrarse
clothe clothed, clad clothed, clad vestir
come came come venir
cost cost cost costar
creep crept crept arrastrarse
crow crowed crew, crowed cacarear, alardear
cut cut cut cortar
deal dealt dealt repartir, dar
dig dug dug cavar
do did done hacer
draw drew drawn dibujar
dream dreamt, dreamed dreamt, dreamed soñar
drink drank drunk beber
drive drove driven conducir
dwell dwelt, dwelled dwelt, dwelled morar, vivir
eat ate eaten comer
fall fell fallen caer, caerse
feed fed fed alimentar
feel felt felt sentir
fight fought fought luchar, pelearse
find found found encontrar
flee fled fled huir, escapar
fling flung flung lanzar, arrojar
fly flew flown volar
forbid forbad, forbade forbid, forbidden prohibir
forecast forecast, forecasted forecast, forecasted predecir
forget forgot forgotten olvidar
forsake forsook forsaken abandonar, renunciar
freeze froze frozen congelar
geld gelded, gelt gelded, gelt castrar
get got got, gotten conseguir
gild gilded, gilt gilded, gilt dorar
give gave given dar
gnaw gnawed gnawed, gnawn roer
go went gone ir
grind ground ground moler
grip gripped, gript gripped, gript asir
grow grew grown crecer
hang hung hung colgar
have had had tener
hear heard heard oír
heave heaved, hove heaved, hove tirar, estirar
hew hewed hewed, hewn labrar, tallar
hide hid hidden, hid esconder(se)
hit hit hit golpear
hold held held tener
hurt hurt hurt herir, hacer daño
keep kept kept guardar, conservar
kneel knelt, kneeled knelt, kneeled arrodillar(se)
knit knitted, knit knitted, knit tejer
know knew known saber
lay laid laid poner, extender
lead led led guiar
lean leant, leaned leant, leaned inclinarse
leap leapt, leaped leapt, leaped saltar
learn learnt, learned learnt, learned aprender
leave left left salir, irse, abandonar
lend lent lent prestar, dejar
let let let dejar
lie lay lain mentir
light lit, lighted lit, lighted encender
lose lost lost perder
make made made hacer
may might (sin participio) poder
mean meant meant significar
meet met met conocer, encontrarse con
melt melted molten, melted derretir
mow mowed mown, mowed segar
pay paid paid pagar
pen pent, penned pent, penned escribir, redactar
plead pled, pleaded pled, pleaded alegar
prove proved proven, proved probar
put put put poner
quit quit, quitted quit, quitted abandonar
read read read leer
rid rid, ridded rid, ridded deshacerse de
ride rode ridden montar (a caballo, en bici…)
ring rang rung sonar, repicar, telefonear
rise rose risen subir, levantarse
run ran run correr
saw sawed sawn, sawed serrar
say said said decir
see saw seen ver
seek sought sought buscar
sell sold sold vender
send sent sent enviar
set set set poner, colocar
sew sewed sewn, sewed coser
shake shook shaken agitar
shall should (sin participio) deber
shear sheared shorn, sheared esquilar
shed shed shed derramar, liberarse
shine shone shone brillar
shit shit, shitted, shat shit, shitted, shat cagar
shoe shod, shoed shod, shoed herrar
shoot shot shot tirar, rodar (película)
show showed shown, showed mostrar
shred shred, shredded shred, shredded destruir, cortar
shrink shrank, shrunk shrunk encoger
shut shut shut cerrar
sing sang sung cantar
sink sank sunk hundir
sit sat sat sentar
slay slew slain asesinar
sleep slept slept dormir
slide slid slid deslizarse
sling slung slung tirar, lanzar
slink slunk slunk escaparse, andar a hurtadillas
slit slit slit cortar, rajar
smell smelt, smelled smelt, smelled oler
smite smote smitten golpear
sow sowed sown, sowed sembrar
speak spoke spoken hablar
speed sped, speeded sped, speeded acelerar
spell spelt, spelled spelt, spelled deletrear, escribir
spend spent spent gastar
spill spilt, spilled spilt, spilled derramar
spin spun spun girar
spit spat spat escupir
split split split partir, dividir
spoil spoilt, spoiled spoilt, spoiled echar a perder, estropear
spread spread spread extender
spring sprang, sprung sprung saltar
stand stood stood estar de pie
steal stole stolen robar
stick stuck stuck pegar
sting stung stung picar
stink stank, stunk stunk apestar
stride strode stridden dar zancadas
strike struck struck pegar, golpear
string strung strung colgar
strive strove striven luchar, esforzarse
swear swore sworn jurar
sweat sweat, sweated sweat, sweated sudar
sweep swept swept barrer
swell swelled swollen, swelled hincharse
swim swam swum nadar
swing swung swung balancearse
take took taken coger
teach taught taught enseñar
tear tore torn rasgar
telecast telecast, telecasted telecast, telecasted televisar
tell told told decir, contar
think thought thought pensar
throw threw thrown tirar, lanzar
thrust thrust thrust sacar, clavar
tread trod trodden pisar
understand understood understood entender
wake woke, waked woken, waked despertar
wear wore worn llevar
weave wove woven tejer
wed wed, wedded wed, wedded esposar, casarse con
weep wept wept llorar
wet wet, wetted wet, wetted mojar, humedecer
win won won ganar
wind wound wound dejar sin aliento
wring wrung wrung estrujar
write wrote written escribir